Does My Canine Have Mange?

Is your canine shedding hair or itching uncontrollably with no indicators of fleas?  If that’s the case, your canine could have mange.  Mange is a time period that will get thrown round quite a bit within the veterinary world and extra usually then not, what homeowners consider is mange seems to be fleas which are simply not seen.  As most vets will inform you, it’s all the time necessary to first rule out fleas earlier than searching for different pores and skin circumstances.  Your canine could have fleas, even in the event you can’t see them.  As soon as fleas have been dominated, solely then ought to an proprietor begin to suppose that mange is the reason for their pores and skin issues.  Learn extra if you want to study extra about this illness.

What’s Mange?

Mange refers to a pores and skin illness that’s attributable to parasitic mites. These mites are very tiny, and they are often dog-specific or will be zoonotic and infect different species, together with people.

Sarcoptes mites are the parasites that may trigger scabies. Contaminated canines can move this mite to different pets and to individuals by way of contact, and it’s a extremely contagious mite. Cheyletiella is one other contagious mite that’s also referred to as “strolling dandruff” as a result of they will trigger extreme flaking of the pores and skin. Demodex mites can stay in small numbers on the pores and skin of a standard canine, however when the canine may be very younger or has a compromised immune system, then Demodex mites will be problematic. Canines which have had a Demodex an infection as a pet shouldn’t be used for breeding functions.

What Are the Signs?

The commonest signs are itching and hair loss. Mites like Sarcoptes may cause pets to be extraordinarily itchy as a result of they’re burrowing mites. Mites like Demodex stay within the glands close to hair follicles, inflicting hair to fall out, however they might or could not trigger itchiness. Demodex may cause localized indicators like hair loss across the face and limbs or may cause extra generalized hair loss all around the canine’s physique.

Steadily, pores and skin can develop into infected when mites are current. This irritation could make it simpler to your canine to develop secondary bacterial pores and skin infections. When left untreated, infections can compromise the pores and skin’s potential to behave as a barrier towards micro organism and different exterior invaders. In uncommon instances, these pores and skin infections may cause extreme sickness, particularly in very younger puppies and canines who’re on immunosuppressive medicine like chemotherapeutic medicines used for most cancers therapies.

How Can I Inform If My Canine Has Mange?

As a result of pores and skin mites are so small, microscopic exams are normally essential to verify the prognosis. Your veterinarian could suggest a pores and skin scraping take a look at. That is the place a blade is used to scrape the pores and skin in an space the place there’s hair loss or different pores and skin lesions. Superficial pores and skin scraping is greatest for diagnosing Sarcoptes infestations whereas deep scraping to the purpose of minor bleeding is greatest for confirming a Demodex prognosis.

If there are pores and skin lesions in areas which are too troublesome to scrape, i.e. across the eyes or in between the toes, then a trichogram will be carried out. This includes plucking a hair pattern out of your pet, placing it on a slide with mineral oil, and evaluating it beneath a microscope. Trichograms are one other efficient method to diagnose Demodex. Within the case of Cheyletiella mites, a bit of Scotch tape will be utilized to the pores and skin and fur, selecting up mites within the course of. The tape can then be utilized to a slide and examined with a microscope.

What If It’s Not Mange?

Itchy canines with hair loss can produce other pores and skin ailments moreover mange. Environmental and meals allergic reactions are a few of the commonest pores and skin problems in canines. Itching, hair loss, and pores and skin an infection can happen every time a canine encounters grass, pollen, weeds, and so forth. Pores and skin lesions will be localized or generalized. Meals allergic reactions usually tend to trigger generalized indicators, together with ear infections, whereas environmental allergic reactions could also be extra localized to the toes and stomach. Fleas are one other form of pores and skin parasite that may trigger intense itching, and a few canines can develop an allergy to flea bites. For extra data, take a look at our article on Canine Allergy symptoms.

Fungal infections like ringworm may cause crimson pores and skin lesions, hair loss, and extreme itching. Ringworm is extremely contagious and will be handed from canines to different pets and folks. Problems of the endocrine system may trigger hair loss. Cushing’s illness, an adrenal gland dysfunction, may cause white crusted lesions and make it more durable for canines to struggle off infections. Thyroid problems like hypothyroidism may trigger hair loss and secondary pores and skin infections. Autoimmune ailments and even pores and skin most cancers may cause related lesions, and these could also be suspected if therapies for different pores and skin circumstances usually are not efficient.

How is Mange Handled?

There are topical and oral medicines accessible for mange therapy. Some are really helpful primarily based on age and severity of the infestation, and your veterinarian could suggest one or a number of therapies primarily based in your canine’s scientific indicators. If a pores and skin an infection is current, then a mixture of topical and oral antibiotics may additionally be prescribed.

Lime sulfur dip is a liquid lime resolution that’s utilized to a canine’s pores and skin for mange and ringworm therapies, and it’s normally really helpful to be used one to 2 occasions every week for 4 weeks. Due to sulfur as an ingredient, it has a powerful rotten-egg scent and may stain materials simply. Nonetheless, it is extremely secure for animals which are too younger to make use of different medicines. Canines that may develop into unwell from ivermectin-containing merchandise ought to use lime sulfur dips for his or her mange therapy.

Ivermectin is an oral anti-parasitic remedy that’s generally prescribed for Demodex mites. It has a low margin of security for very small canines as a result of it’s troublesome to dose in small quantities with out coming too near poisonous doses. Overdoses may cause gastrointestinal and neurologic points, together with seizures. Moxidectin is in the identical drug class as ivermectin however is on the market in a topical type that has a lesser threat of uncomfortable side effects. Flea and tick preventives like Bravecto are getting used off-label for Demodex therapy and are extremely efficient in accordance with latest research1.


In case your canine may be very itchy or experiencing hair loss, then keep in mind that mange will be the trigger and will be contagious relying on the kind of mite current. Make sure you deal with your canine with warning, wash your palms after petting him, and maintain him out of your mattress and off your furnishings till you possibly can rule out a mite infestation by way of testing at your veterinarian’s workplace. It may be very irritating to see your canine itching a lot, however by rapidly diagnosing mange, it is possible for you to to forestall a extreme pores and skin an infection and assist your canine really feel higher quicker!



  1. Efficacy of orally administered fluralaner (Bravecto™) or topically utilized imidacloprid/moxidectin (Advocate®) towards generalized demodicosis in canines. Parasitology & Vectors, 2015 March 28, 8:187.